- Chandelle - General Principles
- 180° climbing turn. Goal is max altitude gain without stalling.
- Useful in canyon situation. Possibly to avoid inadvertent IMC.
- First half of turn, bank is constant and pitch changing
- Second half, pitch is constant, bank is changing
- Airspeed below Va
- Roll into 30° bank, simultaneously add climb power, hold bank through first half of turn
- Pitch to reduce airspeed halfway to Vs at 90° point where you reach max pitch up
- At 90°, begin rolling out of turn slowly to reach level flight at 180°
- Hold max pitch with increasing back pressure to further reduce airspeed but without stalling
- Recover without loss of altitude
- Failure to clear area
- Too shallow or steep initial bank
- Excessive or insufficient initial pitch
- Failure to start rollout at 90°
- Insufficient right rudder during right chandelle
- Starts no lower than 1500 AGL
- Angle of bank approx 30°
- +/- 10 knots over stall speed
- Resumes straight and level with min loss of altitude
Rollout on a right chandelle usually accomplished with little left rudder because torque and increased aileron drag neutralize each other.
Rollout on a left chandelle requires significant right rudder due to torque and increased drag on left aileron.